Sexta-feira, 20 de Julho de 2018

Evora-Africa

Até 25 de Agosto de 2018 em Évora

O programa completo pode ser consultado em http://evorafrica.pt/

 

 Chéri Samba

Chéri Samba

© http://www.magnin-a.com

 

A exposição de arte contemporânea "African Passions", no Palácio Cadaval, com curadoria de André Magnin e Philippe Boutté - a primeira que realiza em Portugal - inclui obras de artistas plásticos e fotógrafos do Congo, Costa do Marfim, Moçambique, Mali, Senegal, Benim, África do Sul e Madagáscar.

 

O festival "Evora Africa", que se prolonga até 25 de Agosto, apresenta um diversificado programa de exposições, concertos, performances, conferências e DJ'S e reúne trinta artistas plásticos contemporâneos, músicos e performers africanos. 

 

 

omar-victor-diop-design-indaba-designboom-06

Omar Victor Diop, Série Diáspora

© http://www.magnin-a.com

 

Para além do Palácio Cadaval, o Templo Romano, o Cromeleque dos Almendres e a Biblioteca Pública de Évora serão palco de espetáculos da Orquestra Ballaké Sissoko, Costa Neto, Irmãos Makossa, Rita Só, Johnny Cooltrane, Mbye Ebrime, DJ Rycardo, Companhia Xindiro e os jovens dançarinos, Celeste Mariposa, Bambaram, Bassekou Kouyate, Selma Uamusse, Bubacar Djabaté, Áfrika Aki, The Zaouli de Manfla, Miroca Paris, DJ Ibaaku, Sara Tavares, Congo Stars de Vibration, Dj Lucky, Lady G Brown.

 

 

Malick Sidibé | Courtesy Galerie MAGNIN-A, Paris

 Malick Sidibé, Nuit de Noël (Happy Club), 1963

© http://www.magnin-a.com

 

 

 

Centro de Arte Quetzal, Vidigueira

 

No contexto do festival, o Centro de Arte Quetzal apresenta uma selecção de trabalhos dos artistas sul-africanos Marlene Dumas, Moshekwa Langa e William Kentridge, incluindo a série de curtas-metragens de animação (Dez desenhos para projecção 1989-2011), e um mural tipográfico da artista egípcia e libanesa Bahia Shebab, com o título Mil Vezes Não.

 

W Kentrridge

William Kentridge Levitation 1996

 

 

 

Marlene Dumas

Marlene Dumas Cain+Abel (Twins) 1989

 

 

 

publicado por VF às 12:25
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Quarta-feira, 28 de Fevereiro de 2018

O Bloco-Notas de José Cutileiro

 

Cópia de Exílio da Família Real

D. Manuel II a embarcar para o exílio na Ericeira (1910) 

 

 

 

José Cutileiro

 

 

Presidente a vida inteira

 

 

O Presidente Joseph Kabila, filho e herdeiro do presidente Laurent-Désiré Kabila, inimigo figadal de Mobutu e, depois da deposição deste último, mandachuva um ror de anos do Congo – que antes de se chamar Congo outra vez, como no tempo da administração belga, fora o exemplo mais brutal, mais egoísta e mais deletério dos colonialismos europeus em África (exemplo seguido a seguir à independência, mutatis mutandis, que uma colónia é uma colónia, um estado soberano é um estado soberano e agora se chamava Zaire, pelo ex-sargento Mobutu – os belgas não tinham formado um só oficial congolês - tratando os seus tão mal quanto o colonizador), o Presidente Kabila filho, dizia eu, que tendo ascendido ao poder dez dias depois do assassinato do pai, acabou o seu segundo e constitucionalmente último mandato há um ano mas insiste em não se ir embora enquanto o país desliza para mais uma guerra civil, esperando contra a esperança que lhe deem terceiro mandato, deve ter tido estes dias uma alegria inesperada quando lhe chegou notícia, talvez pela televisão, talvez por algum conselheiro solícito, talvez – muito improvavelmente mas nunca se sabe – pelo embaixador chinês em Kinshasa, frisando que o fazia a título pessoal, que as autoridades chinesas resolveram não dar só dois mandatos ao Presidente Xi Jinping como acontecera a todos os seus predecessores desde a morte de Mao, mas deixarem-no ficar no poder até vir a mulher da fava, dito por outras palavras, passar a ser Presidente perpétuo como é o Presidente da Academia Francesa e como era dantes o Papa em Roma.

 

Não há nada de estranho nem pouco habitual no chefe de um povo, de um país, de um Estado, ser perpétuo e hereditário, isto é que tenha herdado o título e o passe por herança a quem de direito (com sorte, filho ou filha; com menos sorte, parente mais distante). Temo todos, habitantes do globo terrestre - a maioria de nós, desde que nascemos -, exemplo vivo no mundo de hoje: a Rainha Elizabeth do Reino Unido da Grã Bretanha e da Irlanda do Norte (Dona Isabel Segunda, chamar-lhe-íamos nós). Em sociedades da nossa civilização que, num pequeno canto da Eurásia, fizeram transição sábia do feudalismo para a democracia, as monarquias subsistem. “Aquelas criaturinhas pouco ou nada fazem mas têm o condão de manter o povinho unido”, dizia há 50 anos a D. Adelaide, da nossa embaixada em Oslo, Deus lhe tenha a alma em descanso.

 

Fora desse ramalhete feliz e de poucos outros casos, porém, as monarquias deram par o torto e perderam o pé. A decapitação de Luís XVI em 1793 criou moda que ficou. Hoje há sobretudo repúblicas e, com elas, pese aos Orbans, Erdogans e Kabilas deste mundo, há limites aos mandatos de poder. Quando o maior país, a segunda economia e o arauto convencido do seu papel de mentor do futuro, quer voltar a ter chefe perpétuo, prega um grande susto às democracias. E, de Havana a Moscovo, de Ancara a Caracas, de Damasco a Kinshasa, dá alma nova à sacanagem.

 

 

 

publicado por VF às 11:35
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Domingo, 1 de Novembro de 2015

La Blessure (Doclisboa 2015)

 

 

La Blessure 3.jpg

 La Blessure (2004 França/Bélgica)

de Nicolas Klotz e Elisabeth Perceval

 

 

O melhor filme que vi nesta edição do Doclisboa é uma recriação notável das condições de acolhimento e de vida de imigrantes africanos em França.

Um texto sobre o filme e mais fotografias na revista Courte-Focale aqui.

 

A crítica de Jacques Mandebaum no Le Monde aqui

A text in English here.

 

 

 

publicado por VF às 23:31
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Sexta-feira, 10 de Abril de 2015

My Years in Angola (4)

My Years in Angola (1950-1970)
Andries Pieter van der Graaf
 
Other posts:
 

My Years in Angola (1950-1970)

My Years in Angola (2)

My Years in Angola (3)

My Years in Angola (5)

 

 

In the 1950s, interest began in Angolan mineral resources, and Petrofina was the first to start drilling for oil. Oil discoveries remained limited, but oil did bring with it all sorts of other activities to Angola, and "Angola has never been the same again." Some years later, Petrofina built a small refinery just outside Luanda, and in spite of a difficult relationship with the government (which imposed all sorts of restrictions, royalties, and bureaucracy), production capacity kept increasing.

 

 

Cabinda - Petroleo 5

oil rig, Cabinda

 

 

 

 

In 1957, Gulf Oil was given rights to drill off the coast of Cabinda, and in 1958 large-scale shipments of equipment came to Cabinda from America. American firms, such as Union Carbide, came to Angola to carry out soil resource studies, but their reports, to the extent that they were known, were not very positive. Work on iron ore had already begun, e.g., near Vila Salazar, as well as in the south, near Nova Lisboa and Sá da Bandeira.

 

16 Luanda port

 Luanda Port

 

In 1960, the revolution took place in the Belgian Congo, which meant that many Belgian refugees, but also those of other nationalities, came to Luanda. The first sign of political unrest in the Portuguese African territories was the hijacking of the "Santa Maria" in January 1961.

 

 

Santa-Maria

 

Paris Match 1961

 

 

People thought that this ship, taken over by Galvão (who had held prominent positions in Angola), might come to Angola, but this did not happen. However, soon after that, during the night of the 3rd and 4th February, a bloody attack took place against whites and blacks in the northern coffee area, during which many hundreds of people, including women and children, lost their lives in the early hours of the morning. It was an act of frightful terror, in which the most appalling acts of cruelty took place.

 

Most certainly elements from the Congo were involved in this, who had gained influence over the local people, and many of the killings were carried out under the influence of drugs, marijuana, etc. This area of small coffee plantations was perhaps one of the most fertile areas for rebellion, for the conditions under which the natives worked were bad, and there had already been signs of dissatisfaction, but to which government officials had paid no attention. At the same time, there was an attack on the Penedo jail in Luanda, with a number of people killed, and some days later more clashes during the funeral for one of the victims. By March, people were already talking about organized terrorism in the northern areas, and refugees streamed into Luanda from those areas, mainly women and children. Luanda was in a state of great agitation, and many families left for Portugal or elsewhere at the first opportunity. The population also turned against the Protestant mission in Luanda, smashing all the windows of its buildings in the city.

 

 

 

Congo émeutes

 

 Congo riots

 

 

For months and months you could hear machine-gun fire at night, coming from skirmishes at the city limits and the outskirts, the native neighbourhoods. Since there was very little military power to protect the people should a large scale attack by the natives take place, people were in a high state of anxiety, aggravated by all kinds of alarming rumours doing the rounds, such as imminent slaughtering of children in the schools, mass poisoning of the drinking-water supply, and so on. From the cotton districts of Cassange, to the east of Malange, again and again came news of mass uprisings, and there were people who believed that a complete encircling of Luanda by the blacks was not impossible.

 

 

angola selo

Angola Stamp

 

 

 

After that we were not able to visit those regions for some time, as it was too dangerous to travel there independently, and even in convoy it was hazardous. Many clients were still unreachable, as they had entrenched themselves behind walls and barbed wire. We had a consignment of "Jacaré" machetes, from Martindale, in our stocks, and these had to be handed over to the police.

 

Luanda's needs increased with refugees and soldiers swelling the city's population, and it was a matter of adjusting as best possible to this situation. Progressively the areas around Luanda were cleared, and people could once again travel in the direction of Cacuaco, and later as far as Caxito, but further north, so some 100 to 150 km from Luanda, travel remained unsafe.

 

to be continued...

 

Andries Pieter van der Graaf Jan/Feb 1974

Translated by Elizabeth Davies (van der Graaf) 
March 2012

 

Previous posts:

My Years in Angola (1950-1970)

My Years in Angola (2)

My Years in Angola (3) 

 

Full text:

The memoir of Andries Pieter van der Graaf is in two parts: Part 1 (written in English) starts in 1909 with his birth, and provides a vivid description of his early life in Krimpen aan de Lek, a small community near Rotterdam; of the effects of the Depression on the family; and of his experiences during the war. In Part 2 (written in Dutch, translation into English provided), he takes us from his first day in Angola, through his years learning how to run a Dutch trading company in Angola in colonial times, to his fascination with Angola and its peoples.

 

www.asclibrary.nl/docs/341/217/341217840.pdf

http://www.asclibrary.nl/docs/341220647.htm

 

Album "Vintage Angola" on Flickr 

 

 

Many thanks to Elizabeth Davies (van der Graaf) and her family for allowing me to adapt the text and to illustrate it by using photos from the family's collection.

 

Muito agradeço a Elizabeth Davies e sua família que autorizaram gentilmente a edição do texto para publicação neste blog e disponibilizaram fotografias do espólio do autor.

 

 

Photos

Oil rig: Fotos Cabinda  

Paris-Match: Pitigrili 

Congo riots: ammafricaworld 

 

 

 

publicado por VF às 09:12
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Domingo, 23 de Fevereiro de 2014

Congopresse (Te Deum, 1948)

 

Congopresse Study photographs, 1930-1960 

Photographs taken by Congopresse photographers in the Belgian Congo. Accompanying the images are French and Flemish language captions which include specific information on locations and photographers, though often without dates.

 

 

Léopoldville, 1 Juillet 1948

H. Goldstein / Congopresse

© Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren

 

A Léopoldville,le 1er juillet 1948, un Te Deum a été chanté en plein air devant le monument au roi Albert 1er, par S.E. le Cardinal Van Roey, Archevêque de Mâlines, Primat de Belgique, à l'occasion de 1'anniversaire de la proclamation de l' Etat Indépendant du Congo. Aussitôt après fut inauguré le monument aux Pionniers qui, il y a cinquante ans, construisirent le Matadi à Léopoldville, le premier chemin de fer de la Colonie. 

 

Léopoldville, 1 Juillet 1948

H. Goldstein / Congopresse

© Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren

 

Te Deum: vue de la place et du boulevard Albert 1er

 

Léopoldville, 1 Juillet 1948

H. Goldstein / Congopresse

© Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren

 

Les enfants des travailleurs indigènes de L'Otraco, organisme qui assure la gestion du chemin de fer, défilent devant les autorités à la fin de la cérémonie.

 

 

 

Sobre a minha colecção de fotografias Congopresse leia o post "No Congo" aqui e veja mais fotos clicando na tag "Congo".

 

 

publicado por VF às 17:20
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Segunda-feira, 10 de Fevereiro de 2014

Congopresse (Léopoldville / Emate)

 

Congopresse Study photographs, 1930-1960 

Photographs taken by Congopresse photographers in the Belgian Congo. Accompanying the images are French and Flemish language captions which include specific information on locations and photographers, though often without dates.

 

 

 

 

Port de Léopoldville (sans date)

Photo: J. Mulders / Congopresse

© Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren

 

 

Port de Léopoldville 1948

H. Goldstein / Congopresse

© Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren

 

 

Le 2 Juillet 1948, le M.V. "Général Olsen", le premier bateau de grand tonnage a moteur Diesel mis en service sur le fleuve Congo, et le S.W. "Reine Astrid" ont fait une excursion sur le Stanley-Pool. ils avaient à leur bord les personnalités invitées aux fêtes du 50ème anniversaire de l'inauguration du chemin de fer du Bas-Congo.

 

 

Emate, Congo (sans date)

Photo: E. Lebied / Congopresse 

© Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren

 

 

Pour ravitailler en combustible les bateaux qui parcourent le fleuve et les grandes rivières du Congo, d'innombrables "postes à bois" ont été établis le long des rives. Le bois abattu dans les forêts voisines s'y entasse au bord de l'eau, par centaines de stères. Au poste d'Emate une équipe de travailleurs ravitaille un grand stormwheeler.

 

Emate, Congo (sans date)

Photo: E. Lebied / Congopresse

© Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren

 

 

Le SW "Reine Astrid" renouvelle sa provision de combustible au poste à bois d'Emate.

 

 

 

 

Photos:

© Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren

 

 

 

Sobre a minha colecção de fotografias Congopresse leia o post "No Congo" aqui e veja mais fotos clicando na tag "Congo"

 

Agence Congo Presse hoje aqui

 

 

 

publicado por VF às 13:11
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Segunda-feira, 3 de Fevereiro de 2014

Mwana Kitoko: Beautiful White Man

 

 

 

Luc Tuymans

Reconstruction (Reconstitution), 2000.

© 2000, Friedrich Christian Flick Collection, photo courtesy David Zwirner, New York

 

 

Les dix tableaux qui constituent la série «Mwana Kitoko: Beautiful White Man» (Mwana Kitoko: Bel Homme blanc») ont trait à l'histoire du régime colonial belge au Congo et à l'assas­sinat de Patrice Lumumba en 1961. Premier homme politique nommé Premier ministre de l'ac­tuelle République démocratique du Congo à la suite d'élections démocratiques, Lumumba fut assassiné moins de sept mois après que son pays eut arraché son indépendance à la Belgique. Leader charismatique qui s'éleva avec vigueur contre les brutalités historiques du joug belge et appela à l'unité nationale, il représentait une menace pour les ambitions néocoloniales de la Belgique et des Etats-Unis, qui visaient à maintenir un contrôle politique et économique sur ce pays riche en ressources. On a pu rattacher la fomentation de son assassinat au gou­vernement belge, à la cia et aux hommes politiques sécessionnistes congolais; le mystère qui entoure les circonstances de sa mort reflète l'obscurité des réseaux de pouvoir en lice.

 

Dans «Mwana Kitoko», Tuymans interroge l'aptitude de la peinture à répondre aux événements traumatiques du passé récent et à les refléter de façon critique. Les œuvres sont tirées de sources iconographiques disparates, qui vont d'anciens films de propagande à des photos, prises par l'artiste, de scènes imaginaires et reconstituées, qui soulignent l'influence que les événements historiques continuent d'exercer sur le présent. La série comporte tout un éventail de styles et de genres, depuis le portrait formel jusqu'à l'instantané pris en passant. Exposées ensemble, ces images hétéroclites montrent que les récits historiques sont toujours formés de fragments contingents, incertains et discutables.

 

in Luc Tuymans (Catalogue de l' Exposition Luc Tuymans - Retrospective

Sous la Direction de Madeleine Grynsztejn et Helen Molesworth

Palais des Beaux-Arts de Bruxelles, 2011

@2011 Ludion & BOZAR

 

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

Léopoldville c. 1950

Foto: Gaby Foto, Leo

Fotografia do meu espólio familiar (ver mais na tag "Congo")

 

 

 

publicado por VF às 09:30
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Sábado, 1 de Fevereiro de 2014

Grupo de homens (RDC)

 

 

 

Kinshasa, 2000

© Marie-Françoise Plissart

Plaizier Bruxelles

 

 

Veja também neste blog o post Kinshasa - Récits de la Ville Invisible

 

publicado por VF às 08:55
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Sexta-feira, 10 de Janeiro de 2014

Stanley, Ivens, Capelo, Serpa Pinto (1877)

 

 

 

Luanda, Angola 

© Royal Museum for Central Africa

 

This staged picture was shot in a studio on the African West Coast, and shows Henry M. Stanley describing his travels to the Portuguese Expedition (Ivens, Capelo, Serpa Pinto) at Luanda, [August or September 1877].

 
This oval-framed photograph, mounted on cardboard, with pencil inscription, is kept in the Henry M. Stanley Archives (King Baudouin Foundation Collection held in trust at the RMCA).

 

 

veja aqui o livro "Exploradores Portugueses e Reis Africanos"

 

 

 

publicado por VF às 12:16
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Sábado, 4 de Janeiro de 2014

RDC "article 15"

 

Maître SYMS

"Article 15"*, 1992

Courtesy: Gallery Lucien Bilinelli, Brussels

© Plazier, Brussels 

 

 

Écoutez mes bêtes,

la conjoncture de la 2ème République

ne permet pas de vous héberger!

Allez vous débrouiller

 

Snif... Maitre nous sommes ici pour vous!

Pourquoi tu nous abandonnes comme ça?

Où pouvons nous aller

 

 

 

Visitei recentemente o Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, em Bruxelas, agora fechado durante 4 anos para obras de remodelação. Queria ver pela última vez as colecções na versão século XIX. A crónica de José Cutileiro no primeiro dia do ano — Nuers e Dinkas — serve-me agora de pretexto para regressar a África com mais umas curiosidades (ver tag Congo).

 

O artigo e o breve documentário recomendados abaixo são antigos mas permanecem actuais.

 

 

*Article 15:

 

After a series of deflationary measures announced by the Zairean government in September 1983, prices for basic commodities rose by 30 to 40 percent while salaries remained unchanged. This further reduced the standard of living of the average Zairean. A schoolteacher in Kinshasa, for example, makes $13 per month. A civil servant with a university diploma, earns $25 per month.

 

''With such salaries,'' a Western diplomat explains, ''you can't make both ends meet. To survive most Zaireans make ample use of what is known here as Article 15.'' In clearer terms this means many Zaireans give way to corruption: teachers sell diplomas. No official form is available from a civil servant without a tip.

 

O artigo Zaire, An African Nation rich in natural resources but plagued by political instability and economic stagnation na íntegra aqui 

 

Defined as 'Manage by Yourself', the mythical article 15 founded an 'informal' economy in Zaire. Squatting in the grey mud of the market Place, black 'Mamas' barter for survival, singing as they prepare their wares. They manage to supplement their husbands' earnings by running a 'black market'.

 

O documentário The Definition of Poverty - DRC  April 1996 aqui

 

 

 

 

publicado por VF às 11:29
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